Attention Deficit/Hyperactitivy Disorder (ADHD) is a neurological condition characterized by restlessness, impulsive behaviour, and difficulty establishing or maintaining focus. It is usually diagnosed during childhood, and the symptoms tend to affect children more than adults. It is debatable whether this is a result of children outgrowing ADHD, or simply developing strategies to manage the symptoms. It should be noted that some individuals continue to be profoundly affected by ADHD during adulthood.
The Mayo Clinic describes three subtypes of ADHD.
Children and adults with ADHD can be impacted in a variety of ways. The challenges are amplified by the fact that ADHD frequently coexists with other conditions, including learning disabilities, Tourette Syndrome, and mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety.
Individuals with ADHD often struggle at school or work, which can result in academic delays, a sense of stagnation in the workplace, and poor relationships with teachers, peers or coworkers. Additionally, because of their impulsive motions, people with ADHD tend to have more accidents and suffer more injuries than their non-ADHD counterparts.
ADHD also comes with a social component: because individuals may have trouble being accepted by peers and adults, they can suffer a loss of self-esteem. This is often accompanied by substance abuse and delinquent behaviour.