Acne is a skin condition, mostly affecting teenagers, that is characterized by the appearance of blackheads, pimples and other blemishes on the surface of the skin. Although it mostly affects the face, neck, chest, back and shoulders, acne can appear on any part of the body. It can be annoyingly persistent, with new blemishes appearing just as the older ones are clearing up.
Acne results from pores becoming blocked with oil and dead skin. Hair follicles are connected to oil glands that produce a natural lubricant called sebum. Excess sebum combines with the dead skin cells that we all naturally shed, to form soft plugs that block the openings of the hair follicles.
Acne produces a variety of blemishes, including the following:
Severe acne can have long-lasting impacts on the individual, including scars and areas of skin discolouration. For some people, particularly teenagers, acne can also create or contribute to problems related to self-esteem.
Acne affects up to ninety percent of adolescents, and is commonly regarded as a teenage problem. It is important to note that while acne does primarily affect teens, it can also affect people at other stages of their lives. Some of the factors that can trigger acne include the following: